OK so this is probably going to demonstrate how bad I am at physics, and I will probably be flamed for being an idiot, but here are some of my thoughts on the faster than light neutrinos.
- Time slows down as you approach the speed of light. Velocity is a derivation of time (speed = distance / time). This can make it difficult to measure, and the time dilation needs to be accounted for.
- When measuring things close to the speed of light, the equipment itself has the same limitations. It takes time for a signal to get from one part of the equipment to another.
- The Earth itself is moving in the solar system, the solar system is moving in the galaxy, and the galaxy is moving in the universe. The speed of light is an absolute limit, but the measurement of something moving between two points on Earth is a relative measurement. If something was fixed in an absolute position, it would be moving very quickly relative to the Earth.
- The speed of light limitation applies to objects with mass. The mass of neutrinos is believed to be non-zero, but is not yet completely known, and objects with energy essentially have more mass, so the mass of it changes as it accelerates. It’s hard to do maths when you don’t have all of the starting variables.